Hans-Adam II (Johannes “Hans” Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d’Aviano Pius; born 14 February 1945) is the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Franz Joseph II, Prince (Fürst) of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) and his wife Countess Georgina von Wilczek (1921–1989). He also bears the titles Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, and Count Rietberg.
The Prince (Fürst) of Liechtenstein has broad powers. A referendum to adopt Hans-Adam’s revision of the constitution to expand his powers passed in 2003. The changes also included a republican option, whereby the Prince was henceforth formally barred from vetoing any bill to establish a republic. In addition, the right of each of the parishes which make up the Principality to secede was recognised. Prince Hans-Adam had announced his intention that his family and he would move to Austria if the referendum failed. Despite opposition from Mario Frick, a former prime minister, the Prince’s referendum motion was carried by the electorate.
On 15 August 2004 Prince Hans-Adam II formally turned the power of making day-to-day governmental decisions over to his eldest son, the Hereditary Prince Alois, as a way of beginning a dynastic transition to a new generation. Legally, Hans-Adam remains Head of State.
In July 2012 the people of Liechtenstein overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to curtail the political power of the princely family. Despite an almost year-long campaign by those who opposed the changes, 76% of those voting in a referendum supported the Prince’s power to veto the outcome of future referendums. Legislators, who serve on a part-time basis, rose in the prince’s defence on 23 May, voting 18 to 7 against the citizens’ initiative. Prince Hans-Adam reacted to the result “It is with joy and gratitude that the Princely House of Liechtenstein has taken note that a large majority of the population would like to continue the hitherto so successful 300-year partnership between the people and the Princely House.”